Symposium Policy Brief: Climate Change, Migration, and Security in the Horn of Africa


The Horn of Africa has been facing severe weather patterns, including droughts and floods, which have had devastating
impact on the region. These climate challenges have led to significant crop failures, livestock deaths, and conflicts among the population. Approximately, 4.35 million people are now in dire need of humanitarian assistance, and the influx of refugees has further strained the situation. Climate change has also exacerbated a migration crisis, with an estimated 1.4 million individuals expected to migrate from the region in 2023. The region is currently embroiled in conflicts with larger numbers of internally displaced persons. It is also experiencing one of the most severe food insecurity crises globally.

This policy brief is an outcome of a high-level symposium on Climate Change, Migration, and Security in the Horn of Africa, which was jointly organized by the HORN International Institute for Strategic Studies and the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS) – Regional Programme Security Dialogue for East Africa.

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