Capital: Khartoum

Population estimate: 39.58 million

Area: 1.88 million square kilometers

Borders: South Sudan (south), Egypt (north), Eritrea (north east), Central Africa Republic (south west), Chad (west), Libya (north east)

Independence day: 1 January1956

President: Omar al Bashir

Official Languages: Arabic, English

Major religion: Islam

Currency:Sudanese pound

Main issues affecting country: Humanitarian crisis in Darfur region, border disputes with South Sudan, sharing of natural resources with South Sudan

In brief

Get Weekly Updates from The HORN Institute