This article analyses actors and relations in contemporary conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). First, the article proposes the theory of conflict mapping as a tool to analyze conflict in the DRC. Second, the article provides a comprehensive analysis of actors in the conflict and their relations to each other. Third, a graphic representation of the analysis is provided. Finally, the article concludes that the present conflict in the DRC is highly fragmented and characterized by deeply rooted intercommunal and ethnical tensions, conflict over resources, foreign interventions, and gross human rights violations.