Capital: Asmara

Population estimate: 5.6 million

Area: 117, 400 square kilometers

Borders: Sudan (west), Ethiopia (south), Djibouti (south west), Red Sea

Independence day:24 May 1991 (country seceded from Ethiopia in 1993)

President:Isais Afewerki

Official Language: Afar

Major religion: Christianity, Islam

Currency: Nafka

Main issues affecting country:Road traffic accidents, border tensions, migration, human and media rights

Interesting fact:Asmara is a UNESCO world heritage site

Get Weekly Updates from The HORN Institute