About Somalia

Capital: Mogadishu
Population Estimate: 15,893,222 million (Source: World Bank)
Area: 637, 657 square kilometers.
Borders: Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya
Independence Day: July 1, 1960
President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Farmaajo)
Major Religion:  Islam
Other Common Religions: Christianity
Currency:  Somali Shilling
Key Challenges: Terrorism (Al Shabab, ISIL), clan feuds, conflicts between federal                                             and regional governments, territorial disputes with Ethiopia, piracy
Interesting Fact: Somalia is the most homogenous country in the greater Horn of                                             Africa region

Somalia flag

Country Analysis


February 2019

United States Africa Command (AFRICOM) continued airstrikes in the southern region of Somalia in the fight against Al Shabab targeting ...

January 2019

Somalia is still finding its footing back to stability, through economic reconstruction and security sector reforms. However, militancy of groups ...

December 2018

Background Despite years of international efforts and billions of dollars spent, sustainable peace, security, and stability remain elusive in Somalia ...