About Somalia

Capital: Mogadishu
Population estimate: 14.32 million
Area: 637, 657 square kilometers.
Borders: Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya
Independence Day: July 1, 1960
President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Farmaajo)
Major Religion:  Islam
Other Common Religions: Christianity
Currency:  Somali Shilling
Key Challenges: Terrorism (Al Shabab, ISIL), clan feuds, conflicts between federal                                             and regional governments, territorial disputes with Ethiopia, piracy
Interesting Fact: Somalia is the most homogenous country in the greater Horn of                                             Africa region

Somalia flag

Country Analysis


December 2018

Background Despite years of international efforts and billions of dollars spent, sustainable peace, security, and stability remain elusive in Somalia ...
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