Regime Change in North Africa: Possible Implications for 21st Century Governance in Africa.

Frank K. Matanga Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kenya.


Mumo Nzau Catholic University of Eastern Africa (CUEA), Kenya.                            




For most of 2011, several North African countries experienced sweeping changes in their political structures. During this period, North Africa drew world attention to itself in a profound way. Popular uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt forced long serving and clout wielding Presidents out of power. Most interestingly, these mass protests seemed to have a domino-effect not only in North Africa but also throughout the Middle East; thereby earning themselves the famous tag- “Arab Spring”.


These events in North Africa have since become the subject of debate and investigation in academic, social media and political and/or political circles. At the centre of these debates is the question of “Implications of the Arab Spring on Governance in Africa in the 21st Century”. This Article raises pertinent questions. It revisits the social and economic causes of these regime changes in North Africa; the role of ICT and its social media networks and; the future of repressive regimes on the continent. Central to this discussion is the question: are these regime changes cosmetic? Is this wind of change transforming Africa in form but not necessarily in content?


In this light the following discussion makes a critical analysis of the implications of these changes on 21st century governance in Africa. The authors revisit these issues from an informed premise of theoretical perspectives on African politics and governance.
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