somali

Capital: Mogadishu

Population estimate:14.32 million

Area:637, 657 square kilometers.

Independence day:1 July 1960

President:Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Farmajo)

Main community: Somali

official languages:Somali, Arabic

Other languages:Italian, English

Key issues:Terrorism (al-Shabaab, ISIL), clan feuds, conflicts between federal and regional governments, territorial disputes with Ethiopia, piracy

Interesting fact:Somalia is the most homogenous country in the greater Horn of Africa region

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